The central decades of the 18th century saw the change from the pioneering phase of the English and French colonial experiences in India, marked by a prevailing interest in exotic goods, to a new more ‘political’ phase aimed at a territorial expansion for the control of strategic and economical areas. This phase of the Anglo-French rivalry is called ‘struggle for India’. According to the Treaty of Paris, the French were restricted to their coastal settlements by their British rivals, and compelled to dismantle all their defensive works. However, after 1763 the French élites and public opinion did not forget the economical relevance of the Indian settlements, nor did they ever completely neglect the role those colonies had in the struggle with their British enemies. The study of what is often called the French ‘renunciation’ to India is strictly connected to the failure of the French Compagnie des Indes, unable to understand the deep changes occurring in Indian society and politics.

(2015). Le souvenir d’une 'épopée glorieuse'. La France en Inde entre la Révolution et l’Empire [journal article - articolo]. In LA RÉVOLUTION FRANÇAISE. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/118837

Le souvenir d’une 'épopée glorieuse'. La France en Inde entre la Révolution et l’Empire

Vaghi, Massimiliano
2015

Abstract

The central decades of the 18th century saw the change from the pioneering phase of the English and French colonial experiences in India, marked by a prevailing interest in exotic goods, to a new more ‘political’ phase aimed at a territorial expansion for the control of strategic and economical areas. This phase of the Anglo-French rivalry is called ‘struggle for India’. According to the Treaty of Paris, the French were restricted to their coastal settlements by their British rivals, and compelled to dismantle all their defensive works. However, after 1763 the French élites and public opinion did not forget the economical relevance of the Indian settlements, nor did they ever completely neglect the role those colonies had in the struggle with their British enemies. The study of what is often called the French ‘renunciation’ to India is strictly connected to the failure of the French Compagnie des Indes, unable to understand the deep changes occurring in Indian society and politics.
journal article - articolo
Le milieu du XVIIIe siècle a vu le passage d’une phase pionnière des expériences coloniales anglaise et française en Inde, marquée par un intérêt prédominant pour les biens exotiques, à une nouvelle phase plus « politique », visant à une expansion territoriale pour un contrôle stratégique et économique du sous-continent. Ce moment de la rivalité anglo-française est appelé la « lutte pour l’Inde ». Après le Traité de Paris, les Français ont été contraints dans leurs ports par leurs rivaux, et obligés de démanteler tous les ouvrages défensifs. Cependant, après 1763, les élites et l’opinion publique françaises n’ont pas oublié l’importance économique des comptoirs indiens, ni ont jamais complètement négligé le rôle de ces colonies dans la lutte contre les Britanniques. L’étude de ce qu’on nomme le « renoncement » français en Inde est étroitement liée à l’échec de la Compagnie des Indes, incapable de comprendre les changements profonds survenus dans la société et dans la politique indiennes.
Vaghi, Massimiliano
(2015). Le souvenir d’une 'épopée glorieuse'. La France en Inde entre la Révolution et l’Empire [journal article - articolo]. In LA RÉVOLUTION FRANÇAISE. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/118837
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