Immobilization of a model liquid organic pollutant, i.e. the 2-chloroaniline (2-CA), into a cement matrix using organoclays as pre-sorbent agents was investigated. Five cement-clay pastes were prepared with different nominal water-to-cement ratios (w/c=0.40, 0.25 and 0.15 wt/wt) and various amounts of waste (waste-to-cement o/c=0.20, 0.60 and 1.00 wt/wt); for comparison, a neat cement paste was also prepared. Dynamic leach tests were performed on solidified monoliths in order to assess the successful immobilization of the 2-CA. In monoliths at constant w/c ratio (0.40) the total amount of pollutant released increases with its initial content, and ranges from 15 to 35% with respect to it. By lowering w/c from 0.40 to 0.15 at constant o/c, the performances improved (<25% released). The microstructure of the hardened cement-clay pastes was characterized by quantitative X-ray diffraction (QXRD) and electronic microscopy (SEM-EDS) techniques; hydration degree was estimated by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in addition to QXRD. No evidence of any chemical reaction between 2-CA and cement phases was found. Moreover, it was shown that the most important factors affecting the cement hydration process were the total water content, i.e. the one taking also into account the water contained in the wet polluted clay, and the amount of 2-CA not firmly sorbed by the organoclay, and then freely dispersed in the paste.

(2004). Cement-clay pastes for stabilization/solidification of 2-chloroaniline [journal article - articolo]. In WASTE MANAGEMENT. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/131051

Cement-clay pastes for stabilization/solidification of 2-chloroaniline

Pelosato, Renato;Natali Sora, Isabella
2004

Abstract

Immobilization of a model liquid organic pollutant, i.e. the 2-chloroaniline (2-CA), into a cement matrix using organoclays as pre-sorbent agents was investigated. Five cement-clay pastes were prepared with different nominal water-to-cement ratios (w/c=0.40, 0.25 and 0.15 wt/wt) and various amounts of waste (waste-to-cement o/c=0.20, 0.60 and 1.00 wt/wt); for comparison, a neat cement paste was also prepared. Dynamic leach tests were performed on solidified monoliths in order to assess the successful immobilization of the 2-CA. In monoliths at constant w/c ratio (0.40) the total amount of pollutant released increases with its initial content, and ranges from 15 to 35% with respect to it. By lowering w/c from 0.40 to 0.15 at constant o/c, the performances improved (<25% released). The microstructure of the hardened cement-clay pastes was characterized by quantitative X-ray diffraction (QXRD) and electronic microscopy (SEM-EDS) techniques; hydration degree was estimated by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in addition to QXRD. No evidence of any chemical reaction between 2-CA and cement phases was found. Moreover, it was shown that the most important factors affecting the cement hydration process were the total water content, i.e. the one taking also into account the water contained in the wet polluted clay, and the amount of 2-CA not firmly sorbed by the organoclay, and then freely dispersed in the paste.
articolo
Botta, Donatella; Dotelli, Giovanni; Biancardi, Riccardo; Pelosato, Renato; Natali Sora, Isabella
(2004). Cement-clay pastes for stabilization/solidification of 2-chloroaniline [journal article - articolo]. In WASTE MANAGEMENT. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/131051
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