The aim of this work is to evaluate the difference between the properties of several aluminum alloy joints welded with the traditional air-cooled friction stir welding process and others obtained by the combination of the traditional friction stir welding setup with a water-cooling system. In particular, precipitation-hardening alloys AA2024-T3, AA6082-T6 and AA7075-T6, and a work-hardening alloy, AA5754-H111, were taken into account. From Rockwell and Vickers hardness maps, it was possible to observe a clear dependence of the hardness distribution on the cooling systems; joints obtained using a water-cooling system showed higher values of hardness, reached in the central zone and a narrow area interested by the hardness reduction for all the tested alloys. From tensile tests executed orthogonally to the welding direction, it was possible to observe that the alloys have responded differently in terms of ultimate tensile strength and final elongation when the water-cooling system was used. The microstructural analysis of the three precipitation-hardening alloys howed a larger average grain size in the nugget zones for the water-cooled condition. Moreover, in the thermo-mechanically altered zones of the water-cooled AA6082 and AA7075 joints, the grains were characterized by a smaller average size than the grains of the same air-cooled welds.

(2019). Effects of Cooling Conditions on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Butt Joints of Different Aluminum Alloys [journal article - articolo]. In APPLIED SCIENCES. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/149844

Effects of Cooling Conditions on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Butt Joints of Different Aluminum Alloys

Bocchi, Sara;D’Urso, Gianluca;Giardini, Claudio;Maccarini, Giancarlo
2019

Abstract

The aim of this work is to evaluate the difference between the properties of several aluminum alloy joints welded with the traditional air-cooled friction stir welding process and others obtained by the combination of the traditional friction stir welding setup with a water-cooling system. In particular, precipitation-hardening alloys AA2024-T3, AA6082-T6 and AA7075-T6, and a work-hardening alloy, AA5754-H111, were taken into account. From Rockwell and Vickers hardness maps, it was possible to observe a clear dependence of the hardness distribution on the cooling systems; joints obtained using a water-cooling system showed higher values of hardness, reached in the central zone and a narrow area interested by the hardness reduction for all the tested alloys. From tensile tests executed orthogonally to the welding direction, it was possible to observe that the alloys have responded differently in terms of ultimate tensile strength and final elongation when the water-cooling system was used. The microstructural analysis of the three precipitation-hardening alloys howed a larger average grain size in the nugget zones for the water-cooled condition. Moreover, in the thermo-mechanically altered zones of the water-cooled AA6082 and AA7075 joints, the grains were characterized by a smaller average size than the grains of the same air-cooled welds.
articolo
Bocchi, Sara; D’Urso, Gianluca; Giardini, Claudio; Maccarini, Giancarlo
(2019). Effects of Cooling Conditions on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Butt Joints of Different Aluminum Alloys [journal article - articolo]. In APPLIED SCIENCES. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/149844
File allegato/i alla scheda:
File Dimensione del file Formato  
Applied Sciences.pdf

accesso aperto

Versione: publisher's version - versione editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione del file 3.73 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.73 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Aisberg ©2008 Servizi bibliotecari, Università degli studi di Bergamo | Terms of use/Condizioni di utilizzo

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10446/149844
Citazioni
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact