Mathematical models are critical to understand the spread of pathogens in a population and evaluate the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). A plethora of optimal strategies has been recently developed to minimize either the infected peak prevalence (IPP) or the epidemic final size (EFS). While most of them optimize a simple cost function along a fixed finite-time horizon, no consensus has been reached about how to simultaneously handle the IPP and the EFS, while minimizing the intervention’s side effects. In this work, based on a new characterization of the dynamical behaviour of SIR-type models under control actions (including the stability of equilibrium sets in terms of herd immunity), we study how to minimize the EFS while keeping the IPP controlled at any time. A procedure is proposed to tailor NPIs by separating transient from stationary control objectives: the potential benefits of the strategy are illustrated by a detailed analysis and simulation results related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

(2022). Minimizing the epidemic final size while containing the infected peak prevalence in SIR systems [articolo]. In AUTOMATICA. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/226370

Minimizing the epidemic final size while containing the infected peak prevalence in SIR systems

Ferramosca, Antonio;
2022

Abstract

Mathematical models are critical to understand the spread of pathogens in a population and evaluate the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). A plethora of optimal strategies has been recently developed to minimize either the infected peak prevalence (IPP) or the epidemic final size (EFS). While most of them optimize a simple cost function along a fixed finite-time horizon, no consensus has been reached about how to simultaneously handle the IPP and the EFS, while minimizing the intervention’s side effects. In this work, based on a new characterization of the dynamical behaviour of SIR-type models under control actions (including the stability of equilibrium sets in terms of herd immunity), we study how to minimize the EFS while keeping the IPP controlled at any time. A procedure is proposed to tailor NPIs by separating transient from stationary control objectives: the potential benefits of the strategy are illustrated by a detailed analysis and simulation results related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
articolo
Sereno, Juan; Anderson, Alejandro; Ferramosca, Antonio; Hernandez-Vargas, Esteban A.; Gonzalez, Alejandro Hernán
(2022). Minimizing the epidemic final size while containing the infected peak prevalence in SIR systems [articolo]. In AUTOMATICA. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/226370
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10446/226370
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