We study how financial frictions affect firm-level heterogeneity and trade. We build a model in which productivity differences across monopolistically competitive firms are endogenous and depend on investment decisions at the entry stage. By increasing entry costs, financial frictions lower the exit cutoff and hence the value of investing in bigger projects with more dispersed outcomes. As a result, financial frictions make firms smaller and more homogeneous, and hinder the volume of exports. Export opportunities, instead, shift expected profits to the tail and increase the value of technological heterogeneity. We test these predictions using comparable measures of sales dispersion within 365 manufacturing industries in 119 countries, built from highly disaggregated US import data. Consistent with the model, financial development increases sales dispersion, especially in more financially vulnerable industries; sales dispersion is also increasing in measures of comparative advantage. These results help explaining the effect of financial development and factor endowments on export sales.

(2019). Trade, finance, and endogenous firm heterogeneity [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/228151

Trade, finance, and endogenous firm heterogeneity

Bonfiglioli, Alessandra;Crino, Rosario;
2019

Abstract

We study how financial frictions affect firm-level heterogeneity and trade. We build a model in which productivity differences across monopolistically competitive firms are endogenous and depend on investment decisions at the entry stage. By increasing entry costs, financial frictions lower the exit cutoff and hence the value of investing in bigger projects with more dispersed outcomes. As a result, financial frictions make firms smaller and more homogeneous, and hinder the volume of exports. Export opportunities, instead, shift expected profits to the tail and increase the value of technological heterogeneity. We test these predictions using comparable measures of sales dispersion within 365 manufacturing industries in 119 countries, built from highly disaggregated US import data. Consistent with the model, financial development increases sales dispersion, especially in more financially vulnerable industries; sales dispersion is also increasing in measures of comparative advantage. These results help explaining the effect of financial development and factor endowments on export sales.
articolo
Bonfiglioli, Alessandra; Crino, Rosario; Gancia, Gino
(2019). Trade, finance, and endogenous firm heterogeneity [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/228151
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10446/228151
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