Objective: Although several studies suggest an association between psychological distress and increased morbidity and mortality in various cardiac populations, little is known about positive psychological resources, like Sense of Coherence (SOC), that may reduce distress. This longitudinal observational study aimed to test the hypothesis that a strong SOC predicted a longitudinal decrease in anxiety and depression in a sample of patients after their first acute coronary event. Methods: A sample of 275 patients completed the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and the SOC Scale at five time-points (at the baseline and after 6, 12, 24, and 36 months). Longitudinal trajectories of anxiety, depression, and SOC were examined through hierarchical (generalized) linear models, controlling for socio-demographic and clinical indicators. Results: 38.6% of patients experienced clinically relevant anxiety symptoms soon after the cardiovascular event, whereas only 20.8% experienced clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Anxiety symptoms decreased over time, plateaued, and then slightly increased, whereas depressive symptoms tended to be stable; these variables were positively associated during all time points. The SOC did not change over time; a strong SOC at baseline predicted decreased anxiety and depression. Conclusion: Findings showed a strong relationship between SOC and symptoms of anxiety and depression, and they suggested the importance of a salutogenic approach in clinical practice and the relevance of interventions aimed at increasing resilience resources like the SOC in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

(2022). The role of sense of coherence in reducing anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients at the first acute coronary event: A three-year longitudinal study [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/229175

The role of sense of coherence in reducing anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients at the first acute coronary event: A three-year longitudinal study

Greco, A.;Brugnera, A.;Compare, A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Although several studies suggest an association between psychological distress and increased morbidity and mortality in various cardiac populations, little is known about positive psychological resources, like Sense of Coherence (SOC), that may reduce distress. This longitudinal observational study aimed to test the hypothesis that a strong SOC predicted a longitudinal decrease in anxiety and depression in a sample of patients after their first acute coronary event. Methods: A sample of 275 patients completed the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and the SOC Scale at five time-points (at the baseline and after 6, 12, 24, and 36 months). Longitudinal trajectories of anxiety, depression, and SOC were examined through hierarchical (generalized) linear models, controlling for socio-demographic and clinical indicators. Results: 38.6% of patients experienced clinically relevant anxiety symptoms soon after the cardiovascular event, whereas only 20.8% experienced clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Anxiety symptoms decreased over time, plateaued, and then slightly increased, whereas depressive symptoms tended to be stable; these variables were positively associated during all time points. The SOC did not change over time; a strong SOC at baseline predicted decreased anxiety and depression. Conclusion: Findings showed a strong relationship between SOC and symptoms of anxiety and depression, and they suggested the importance of a salutogenic approach in clinical practice and the relevance of interventions aimed at increasing resilience resources like the SOC in patients with cardiovascular diseases.
articolo
Greco, A.; Brugnera, A.; Adorni, R.; Tasca, G. A.; Compare, A.; Vigano, A.; Fattirolli, F.; Giannattasio, C.; D'Addario, M.; Steca, P.
(2022). The role of sense of coherence in reducing anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients at the first acute coronary event: A three-year longitudinal study [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10446/229175
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