Directed Energy Deposition (DED) is an additive manufacturing process that enables the production of large metal components by melting the feedstock material while being deposited. An improvement of the production speed of this process would further increase its applicability in many industrial fields. The DED building rate is strictly related to the building parameters adopted, in particular to the laser spot diameter, which also affects the build accuracy and the surface quality of the components. The possibility of using a variable laser spot would result in a significant increase in the production rate in bulky zones, while also providing a good surface quality where needed. In the present work, an oscillating scanning strategy was used to create a large apparent laser spot (+ 170% of the nominal value) to produce 316L stainless steel samples via DED. The optimisation of the DED parameters with the oscillating strategy was performed using the single scan tracks (SSTs) approach. The morphologies of the SSTs obtained with different process parameters were assessed and the geometrical features related to the melt pools were analysed in order to select the most suitable X and Z displacements for the production of the cubic samples. The analyses of the cubes revealed that, if the correct overlap among nearby scans is selected, it is possible to obtain dense samples with all the oscillating diameters tested. Finally, comparing the building rate and powder efficiency values confirmed that this method can accelerate the building process and improve its overall performance.

(2022). Productivity Enhancement in Directed Energy Deposition: The Oscillating Scanning Strategy Approach [journal article - articolo]. In METALS AND MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/234889

Productivity Enhancement in Directed Energy Deposition: The Oscillating Scanning Strategy Approach

Carrozza, Alessandro;
2022-12-31

Abstract

Directed Energy Deposition (DED) is an additive manufacturing process that enables the production of large metal components by melting the feedstock material while being deposited. An improvement of the production speed of this process would further increase its applicability in many industrial fields. The DED building rate is strictly related to the building parameters adopted, in particular to the laser spot diameter, which also affects the build accuracy and the surface quality of the components. The possibility of using a variable laser spot would result in a significant increase in the production rate in bulky zones, while also providing a good surface quality where needed. In the present work, an oscillating scanning strategy was used to create a large apparent laser spot (+ 170% of the nominal value) to produce 316L stainless steel samples via DED. The optimisation of the DED parameters with the oscillating strategy was performed using the single scan tracks (SSTs) approach. The morphologies of the SSTs obtained with different process parameters were assessed and the geometrical features related to the melt pools were analysed in order to select the most suitable X and Z displacements for the production of the cubic samples. The analyses of the cubes revealed that, if the correct overlap among nearby scans is selected, it is possible to obtain dense samples with all the oscillating diameters tested. Finally, comparing the building rate and powder efficiency values confirmed that this method can accelerate the building process and improve its overall performance.
articolo
Aversa, Alberta; Carrozza, Alessandro; Marchese, Giulio; Felicioni, Stefano; De Chirico, Michele; Lombardi, Mariangela; Bondioli, Federica; Fino, Paolo
(2022). Productivity Enhancement in Directed Energy Deposition: The Oscillating Scanning Strategy Approach [journal article - articolo]. In METALS AND MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/234889
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