Newly acquired motor skills can be critically driven by different rest periods during practice. Specifically, in the initial stages of motor skill acquisition, the interval between individual trials plays a pivotal role in facilitating effective motor performance, such as in the case of throwing. The objective of this research was to determine the optimal inter- trial rest period promoting efficient motor performance, focusing on two specific motor task actions. In a randomized counterbalanced cross-over research design 169 high-school students aged 14 were studied (M 1⁄4 150; F 1⁄4 19). In one block, participants performed 10 basketball free throws with a short rest interval (< 5 s) and 10 other throws with a long rest inter- val ($50–60s). In a second block, they threw a regular size tennis ball into a 1-m diameter circle on the floor at 6.75m, again throwing 10 times with a short inter-trial rest interval and 10 times with a long inter-trial rest interval. The order of the rest intervals within each block was randomized and counter- balanced. With a repeated measures two-way analysis of vari- ance, greater accuracy seemed to be associated with short intra- set rest intervals as there were significant main effects of both conditions (F1,167 1⁄4 368.0, p<0.001, g2p 1⁄4 0.271) and resting time (F1,167 1⁄4 18.6, p<0.001, g2p 1⁄4 0.192) and no significant interaction “condition by time”. Fast practice was efficient independently of the complexity of the throwing task, suggest- ing robust support for schema theory.

(2023). Inter-Trial Rest Interval Affects Learning Throwing Skills among Adolescents [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/256789

Inter-Trial Rest Interval Affects Learning Throwing Skills among Adolescents

Lovecchio, Nicola;
2023-10-12

Abstract

Newly acquired motor skills can be critically driven by different rest periods during practice. Specifically, in the initial stages of motor skill acquisition, the interval between individual trials plays a pivotal role in facilitating effective motor performance, such as in the case of throwing. The objective of this research was to determine the optimal inter- trial rest period promoting efficient motor performance, focusing on two specific motor task actions. In a randomized counterbalanced cross-over research design 169 high-school students aged 14 were studied (M 1⁄4 150; F 1⁄4 19). In one block, participants performed 10 basketball free throws with a short rest interval (< 5 s) and 10 other throws with a long rest inter- val ($50–60s). In a second block, they threw a regular size tennis ball into a 1-m diameter circle on the floor at 6.75m, again throwing 10 times with a short inter-trial rest interval and 10 times with a long inter-trial rest interval. The order of the rest intervals within each block was randomized and counter- balanced. With a repeated measures two-way analysis of vari- ance, greater accuracy seemed to be associated with short intra- set rest intervals as there were significant main effects of both conditions (F1,167 1⁄4 368.0, p<0.001, g2p 1⁄4 0.271) and resting time (F1,167 1⁄4 18.6, p<0.001, g2p 1⁄4 0.192) and no significant interaction “condition by time”. Fast practice was efficient independently of the complexity of the throwing task, suggest- ing robust support for schema theory.
articolo
12-ott-2023
Giuriato, Matteo; Filipas, Luca; Crociani, Mariele; Carnevale Pellino, Vittoria; Vandoni, Matteo; Gallo, Gabriele; La Torre, Antonio; Rossi, Carlo; Lovecchio, Nicola; Codella, Roberto
(2023). Inter-Trial Rest Interval Affects Learning Throwing Skills among Adolescents [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/256789
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10446/256789
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