The flame retardancy properties of cotton have been enhanced by exploiting an optimized multistep sol–gel process, consisting of a pre-hydrolysis step, followed by consecutive depositions of hybrid phosphorus-doped silica layers, using DPTS as precursor of the oxidic phases. Upon optimization, it has been demonstrated that just one phosphorus-doped silica layer is able to strongly reduce the heat release rate (-52 %), and the total smoke release (-56 %) and its rate (-62 %) with respect to the untreated fabric. In addition, the deposition of three layers allows achieving a higher flammability resistance if compared to a single layer, as indicated by the final residue after the flammability tests. As far as flammability resistance is concerned, the new coatings have shown a good durability when subjected up to five washing cycles according to ISO 6330 standard.

The role of pre-hydrolysis on multi step sol-gel processes for enhancing the flame retardancy of cotton

COLLEONI, Claudio;ROSACE, Giuseppe;
2013

Abstract

The flame retardancy properties of cotton have been enhanced by exploiting an optimized multistep sol–gel process, consisting of a pre-hydrolysis step, followed by consecutive depositions of hybrid phosphorus-doped silica layers, using DPTS as precursor of the oxidic phases. Upon optimization, it has been demonstrated that just one phosphorus-doped silica layer is able to strongly reduce the heat release rate (-52 %), and the total smoke release (-56 %) and its rate (-62 %) with respect to the untreated fabric. In addition, the deposition of three layers allows achieving a higher flammability resistance if compared to a single layer, as indicated by the final residue after the flammability tests. As far as flammability resistance is concerned, the new coatings have shown a good durability when subjected up to five washing cycles according to ISO 6330 standard.
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Alongi, Jenny; Colleoni, Claudio; Rosace, Giuseppe; Malucelli, Giulio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10446/29015
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