Simulations were carried out to predict the performance of a Solar Rankine Cycle (SRC) and an Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC) when combined with two different solar field configurations based on parabolic through and power tower systems. For the selected cases, yearly plant performance was computed under real operating conditions on a one hour basis. A computing procedure was developed by integrating two commercial softwares with in-house computer code. Thermodynamic performance was featured for every plant configuration both at nominal and part load conditions. A single reheat regenerative Rankine cycle was chosen for the SRC plant whereas a commercial gas turbine, i.e. Siemens SGT-800, with a dual pressure heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) was assumed for the ISCC plant. As far as the heat transfer fluid (HTF) is concerned, molten salt was chosen to transfer heat to the water loop in the SRC. Synthetic oil was considered in the ISCC plant. Plants were assumed to be located in a Southern Spain site. The comparative analysis was mainly focused on the influence of CSP technology on global solar energy conversion efficiency of both SRC and ISCC plants. Special attention was devoted to assess trough collectors (PTCs) against the solar tower (ST) system in terms of intercepted radiation and thermal power sent to the power block. The ISCC coupled with a ST was found to assure the highest annual solar-to-electric efficiency of 21.8%. This is the result of both higher collection efficiency of ST compared to PTCs and higher conversion efficiency of solar energy introduced into the combined cycle, as compared to SRC.

A comparative study between parabolic trough and solar tower technologies in Solar Rankine Cycle and Integrated Solar Combined Cycle plants

FRANCHINI, Giuseppe;PERDICHIZZI, Antonio Giovanni;RAVELLI, Silvia;BARIGOZZI, Giovanna
2013

Abstract

Simulations were carried out to predict the performance of a Solar Rankine Cycle (SRC) and an Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC) when combined with two different solar field configurations based on parabolic through and power tower systems. For the selected cases, yearly plant performance was computed under real operating conditions on a one hour basis. A computing procedure was developed by integrating two commercial softwares with in-house computer code. Thermodynamic performance was featured for every plant configuration both at nominal and part load conditions. A single reheat regenerative Rankine cycle was chosen for the SRC plant whereas a commercial gas turbine, i.e. Siemens SGT-800, with a dual pressure heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) was assumed for the ISCC plant. As far as the heat transfer fluid (HTF) is concerned, molten salt was chosen to transfer heat to the water loop in the SRC. Synthetic oil was considered in the ISCC plant. Plants were assumed to be located in a Southern Spain site. The comparative analysis was mainly focused on the influence of CSP technology on global solar energy conversion efficiency of both SRC and ISCC plants. Special attention was devoted to assess trough collectors (PTCs) against the solar tower (ST) system in terms of intercepted radiation and thermal power sent to the power block. The ISCC coupled with a ST was found to assure the highest annual solar-to-electric efficiency of 21.8%. This is the result of both higher collection efficiency of ST compared to PTCs and higher conversion efficiency of solar energy introduced into the combined cycle, as compared to SRC.
journal article - articolo
Franchini, Giuseppe; Perdichizzi, Antonio Giovanni; Ravelli, Silvia; Barigozzi, Giovanna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10446/29368
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