Background: Although the assessment of left atrial (LA) mechanics has been reported to refine atrial fibrillation (AF) risk prediction, it doesn't completely predict AF recurrence. The potential added role of right atrial (RA) function in this setting is unknown. Accordingly, this study sought to evaluate the added value of RA longitudinal reservoir strain (RASr) for the prediction of AF recurrence after electrical cardioversion (ECV). Methods: We retrospectively studied 132 consecutive patients with persistent AF who underwent elective ECV. Complete two-dimensional and speckle-tracking echocardiography analyses of LA and RA size and function were obtained in all patients before ECV. The end point was AF recurrence. Results: During a 12-month follow-up, 63 patients (48%) showed AF recurrence. Both LASr and RASr were significantly lower in patients experiencing AF recurrence than in patients with persistent sinus rhythm (LASr, 10% ± 6% vs 13% ± 7%; RASr, 14% ± 10% vs 20% ± 9%, respectively; P < .001 for both). Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain (area under the curve = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.69-0.84; P < .0001) was more strongly associated with the recurrence of AF after ECV than LASr (area under the curve = 0.69; 95% CI, 0.60-0.77; P < .0001). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with both LASr ≤ 10% and RASr ≤ 15% had a significantly increased risk for AF recurrence (log-rank, P < .001). However, at multivariable Cox regression, RASr (hazard ratio, 3.26; 95% CI, 1.73-6.13; P < .001) was the only parameter independently associated with AF recurrence. Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain was more strongly associated with the occurrence of AF relapse after ECV than LASr, and LA and RA volumes. Conclusion: Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain was independently and more strongly associated than LASr with AF recurrence after elective ECV. This study highlights the importance of assessing the functional remodeling of both the RA and LA in patients with persistent AF.

(2023). Incremental Value of Right Atrial Strain Analysis to Predict Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence after Electrical Cardioversion [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/253740

Incremental Value of Right Atrial Strain Analysis to Predict Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence after Electrical Cardioversion

Caravita, Sergio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Although the assessment of left atrial (LA) mechanics has been reported to refine atrial fibrillation (AF) risk prediction, it doesn't completely predict AF recurrence. The potential added role of right atrial (RA) function in this setting is unknown. Accordingly, this study sought to evaluate the added value of RA longitudinal reservoir strain (RASr) for the prediction of AF recurrence after electrical cardioversion (ECV). Methods: We retrospectively studied 132 consecutive patients with persistent AF who underwent elective ECV. Complete two-dimensional and speckle-tracking echocardiography analyses of LA and RA size and function were obtained in all patients before ECV. The end point was AF recurrence. Results: During a 12-month follow-up, 63 patients (48%) showed AF recurrence. Both LASr and RASr were significantly lower in patients experiencing AF recurrence than in patients with persistent sinus rhythm (LASr, 10% ± 6% vs 13% ± 7%; RASr, 14% ± 10% vs 20% ± 9%, respectively; P < .001 for both). Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain (area under the curve = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.69-0.84; P < .0001) was more strongly associated with the recurrence of AF after ECV than LASr (area under the curve = 0.69; 95% CI, 0.60-0.77; P < .0001). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with both LASr ≤ 10% and RASr ≤ 15% had a significantly increased risk for AF recurrence (log-rank, P < .001). However, at multivariable Cox regression, RASr (hazard ratio, 3.26; 95% CI, 1.73-6.13; P < .001) was the only parameter independently associated with AF recurrence. Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain was more strongly associated with the occurrence of AF relapse after ECV than LASr, and LA and RA volumes. Conclusion: Right atrial longitudinal reservoir strain was independently and more strongly associated than LASr with AF recurrence after elective ECV. This study highlights the importance of assessing the functional remodeling of both the RA and LA in patients with persistent AF.
articolo
2023
Tomaselli, Michele; Badano, Luigi P.; Cannone, Vincenzo; Radu, Noela; Curti, Emanuele; Perelli, Francesco; Heilbron, Francesca; Gavazzoni, Mara; Rella, Valeria; Oliverio, Giorgio; Caravita, Sergio; Baratto, Claudia; Perego, Giovanni Battista; Parati, Gianfranco; Brasca, Francesco; Muraru, Denisa
(2023). Incremental Value of Right Atrial Strain Analysis to Predict Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence after Electrical Cardioversion [journal article - articolo]. In JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10446/253740
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